Leaving the Scene of an Accident
In Arizona, there are 9 different offenses that are categorized as “Accident Related Violations” that are generally referred to as Leaving the Scene of an Accident. Each law has specific requirements and describes different situations:
- Leaving Accident Scene – Damage to Vehicle (ARS 28-662A1)
- Fail to Remain at Accident / Damage to Vehicle (ARS 28-662A2)
- Fail to Stop at Scene without Obstructing Traffic (ARS 28-662A3)
- Fail to Give Information at Accident (Name, Address, Registration) (ARS 28-663A1)
- Fail to Give Information at Accident (Exhibiting Driver’s License) (ARS 28-663A2)
- Fail to Stop on Striking Unattended Vehicle (ARS 28-664A1)
- Fail to Notify in Accident with Unattended Vehicle (ARS 28-664A2)
- Fail to Notify When Striking Fixture on Highway (ARS 28-665A1)
- Fail to Show Driver’s License; Striking Fixture on Highway (ARS 28-665A2)
Each of these have different requirements and elements required to be proven by the government.
There are also different penalties, and we will detail each offense here.
Failing to Remain at Scene of Accident with Damage, A.R.S. 28-662
This section of the the law applies to accidents that involve damage to another person that is being driven by another person (not parked or unattended).
It says that upon an accident occurring, both parties must:
- Immediately stop at the scene of the accident (or immediately return to the scene)
- Remain at the scene until information is exchanged
- Stop in a way that does not interfere or obstruct traffic more than is necessary
If a driver does not do those 3 things, the can be charged with leaving the scene of an accident under one of those statutes and can be charged with a Class 2 Misdemeanor.
The motor vehicle department will also assess 6 points to the driver’s license for any one of these violations.
A major concern under this statute is that upon receiving a conviction for this offense, the Court may order the motor vehicle department to suspend the driver’s license for a period up to 1 year.
Duty to Give Information / Failure to Exchange, A.R.S. 28-663
This section of the law pertains to the duty to give or exchange information, and to provide aid if needed.
When an accident occurs, both parties need to:
- Stop, exchange contact information and the registration number of each driver
- Provide a copy of their driver’s license, if requested
If a person fails to stop, or stops and fails to exchange this information, they can be charged with a class 3 misdemeanor.
This statute also requires drivers to give air or assistance in a reasonable manner if another person is injured in the accident.
This includes arranging medical treatment or calling 911 to assist that person.
Failure to provide reasonable assistance to a person who is injured in an accident is serious, and can be charged as a class 6 felony.
It is also important to note that if the court believes that alcohol or drugs were a contributing factor, the court must order that person to attend a drug or alcohol screening.
Leaving the Scene Striking an Unattended Vehicle, A.R.S. 28-664
This is the “leave a note” statute, that says that when a driver hits a vehicle that is empty or unattended, that the driver must stop and:
- actively locate the
What are the penalties for criminal speeding?
Technically, under the law, a conviction for criminal speeding is technically punishable by:
- up to 30 days of jail
- a fine of up to $500 plus surcharges
- up to 1 year of probation.
Practically speaking, other consequences can be severe, including:
- receiving a permanent criminal record that can not be expunged
- adding 3 points to your license
- disqualification from job opportunities
- impacts on immigration status
- non-renewal of Visa or temporary work status
- impacts on insurance rates
- driver’s license suspension
- disqualification of commercial driver’s license status (CDL)
- loss of professional licenses
- loss of security clearances
- loss of government advancement opportunities due to insurance costs
- reputation damage-having to check the box “criminal conviction” on any application materials
Many people are shocked that Arizona has a law that imposes criminal penalties on speeding violations.
Many other states do not have these types of laws, but Arizona reports all motor vehicle violations, including criminal speeding out-of-state.
Despite these significant penalties, there are options, defenses and a robust strategy we have developed to assist you through this charge.
How many points is criminal speeding?
Criminal speeding in Arizona is a 3 point violation. Arizona licensing operates on a system that adds points, rather than subtracts them. When you reach 8 points or above, you will have problems with the Arizona motor vehicle department. Here is where criminal speeding falls on the scale in Arizona:
Both criminal speeding and civil speeding violations are 3 point violations, but they are reported to the motor vehicle department based upon the violation code.
In Arizona, the motor vehicle department reports all violations out of state so they are likely to transfer to your home state if you are not an Arizona resident.
For more information on points in Arizona, how to check how many points you currently have, and what we do to help people in those situations, please visit this page: License Suspensions & Points in Arizona.
I just received a criminal speeding ticket, what are my options?
Being stopped by the police or getting written a ticket is not a fun experience.
Officers are often rude and the encounter is often heated and tense.
When you are charged with criminal speeding, you have a few options:
- Plead guilty as charged
- Represent yourself throughout the process
- Hire an attorney to represent you
Regardless of which option you choose, you (or your lawyer) cannot miss your first court date.
Two important pieces of information that you must remember: (1) the name of the court and (2) your next court date.
Here is an example of where this information is located:
It is important that you do not forget this information. Either you, or your attorney if you choose to hire one, will need to appear in Court to attend this court date.
What is the court process for criminal speeding tickets?
It is important to remember that because this is a criminal violation, the court process is the same as with any other crime.
The process can be surprisingly long and confusing for those that are not familiar with the criminal system.
The chart below details the general process in a criminal speeding case.
Please keep in mind this chart is for illustrative purposes only and case developments are unique to every case.
This first court date on your citation is called an Arraignment.
It is a very basic, preliminary hearing that is generally only held in these types of cases for people who do not have lawyers.
At this hearing, your rights are explained as well as the maximum penalties you face under Arizona, as explained above.
Just because the maximum penalty is 30 days in jail does not mean that this is what the actual result will be at the disposition of the case. However, the Judge at this hearing has to make sure you understand the nature of the charge against you.
At this hearing, if you choose to plead guilty, you may do so.
If you do, you will have a criminal conviction, 3 points on your license, and a blemish that follows you throughout life. Most people choose not to do this.
Instead, you may enter a plea of not guilty. This is what we do, as your lawyer, from the beginning of the case. We contact the court to let them know that you have retained our office and we enter a plea of not guilty on your behalf.
After entering the plea of not guilty, the court will vacate the arraignment in your case and reschedule a new court date in about 30 days.
This is where the meat of your defense begins.
A pre-trial conference is the first, second and sometimes third court date scheduled after your arraignment.
It is a standard informal meeting between our office and the prosecutor.
Normally, plea offers and other conversations occur at these meetings.
We often talk about disclosure issues, problems with reports or evidence, and mitigation information.
The majority of the work completed in your defense occurs in between these settings.
These are scheduled so the court can stay apprised of developments or issues as they occur.
In between court dates and pre-trial conferences, our office and the prosecutor’s office exchange what is known as “discovery.”
In criminal speeding cases, this can often include:
- Certification cards
- Training certificates
- Calibration records
- Dash cam video
- Audio recording
- Body camera footage
- GPS Data
- AVL or “automatic vehicle location” data
- Traffic pattern studies
- Maintenance logs
- Work orders
- Disciplinary history
At times, this evidence is not available or does not exist.
We can use that to our advantage.
Other times, we have to fight to obtain this information as law enforcement agencies or prosecutor officers refuses to provide them to aid in your defense.
How do you defend or beat a criminal speeding ticket?
Many people often think that because this is a “speeding ticket” that they do not need a lawyer without realizing some important aspects of the law.
Because criminal speeding is a misdemeanor, the rules of criminal procedure, constitutional law and due process all apply as in any other criminal case.
A criminal speeding case progresses alongside cases of assault, domestic violation, DUI and other crimes and the same rules apply.
Your case will be assigned to a prosecutor who will represent the officer who wrote the ticket and whose job is to convict you.
Although this may be scary and worrisome at first, it gives our efforts to defend you specific advantages not available in civil cases.
Our defense is separated down to two main avenues, legal and personal:
There are two main areas that our office investigates in criminal speeding matters; legal and mitigation.
We conduct a thorough legal review of your case to ensure the state has enough evidence to meet their burden.
As criminal cases progress, we engage in a thorough discovery review of all materials that the state has, or should have, in your file.
It does not matter whether your number is 86, 106 or 126. There needs to be be a proper foundation for this number.
They cannot simply make this number up out of thin air.
Many times, the state simply does not have enough evidence to support a conviction.
What about mitigation and if this is my first criminal offense?
Most people who contact our office to help them through a criminal speeding ticket have never been in trouble before or have no criminal record.
If there are 10 people who have been charged with criminal speeding, how do we make you stand out from the crowd?
We work with you to gather information about you, your life, and your unique circumstances.
As your case progresses, we help guide you to gather information that we believe will be helpful in your case.
We want to humanize your situation, and show that you are much more than a name and a case number.
We present this information to the prosecutor, to the court, and at times the officer involved.
This allows us to work on negotiating a resolution that serves the interests of all involved.
Can you expunge a criminal speeding conviction?
We often get the question, “what if I just plead guilty – can I expunge my record later?”
Unfortunately, the answer is generally no. The law in Arizona specifically precludes “expunging” or setting aside criminal speeding convictions.
In other words, this is a permanent criminal conviction.
Our office has on rare occasion been successful in making the argument that the legislature made a mistake in writing this law to prevent you for doing so.
For example, you can set aside a DUI, reckless driving or almost any other misdemeanor case – but are specifically not allowed to do so for criminal speeding!
Some Judges have recognized this is fundamentally unfair and granted our motions to set aside criminal speeding convictions, but this is not an outcome you should rely upon.
What are some of the likely outcomes in my case?
This is a very common and normal question to ask.
We have represented people like you all over Arizona in almost every court, at every speed, in every situation.
Each court, prosecutor, speed, location, officer, mitigation and special circumstances will impact your outcome.
We have successfully resolved cases through:
- Not guilty verdicts at trial
- Pre-trial motions to dismiss granted
- Voluntary dismissal from prosecutor/state
- Motion to suppress / exclude granted and voluntary dismissal
- Dismissal with Defensive Driving School
- Dismissal with LifeSkills
- Dismissal with Wise Choice Alternatives
- Negotiated reductions to civil offense
- Negotiated to community service
- Negotiated to non-moving violations
- Negotiated to deferred prosecution
The big question is: what about my case?
Contact our office for a completely free case evaluation where we will review your case with you and discuss your best options moving forward.
I received a criminal speeding ticket and I need help.
That is why we are here. Call our office at 480-500-8762 or submit your question and case information using the form on this page. Our team offers free, no obligation case evaluations and we hope to answer your questions soon. Contact our team today!