Conducción agresiva en Arizona

Today we’re talking about aggressive driving.

This is something that most of us are probably guilty of every single day, but we’re gonna run through the statute so you understand how it works, and better yet how to build some defenses around breaking down the statute.

So aggressive driving is a very serious charge. It’s a Class 1 misdemeanor. It has eight points that can be assessed to your license. This is the same essential penalties that you would get if you were convicted of a DUI.

So we see this charge a lot. Police really like to write it because it is so severe, but let’s break down how the statute works. So the statute is defined by Arizona Revised Statutes 28-695. And if you look it up, it’s a little bit complicated, it’s not very clear.

There’s a number of different ways that you can be charged and convicted of aggressive driving.

So first of all, you need to be doing something, you need to either be speeding or criminally speeding, and then you need to be an immediate hazard to everybody else around you.

If those two things are occurring, you’re speeding and you’re a hazard, you also have to be responsible or found guilty of doing any two of these following things.

So the statute will break down and list out a series of other different conduct, and if you are doing any two of them, plus speeding or criminal speeding, and all of that activity constitutes you being an immediate hazard to other people on the road, you can be charged with and convicted of aggressive driving.

And so let’s take a quick look and see what that other conduct is or can be. Number one, you’re failing to obey a traffic control device.

So I have this shorthand here, FTOTCD, failure to obey a traffic control device. A traffic control device is really anything that’s on the road that controls traffic. It can be signed, it can be lights, it can be traffic cones, it can be speed bumps, it can be a number of different things that are designed to control traffic.

So if you’re disobeying, if you’re not obeying one of those traffic control devices, that’s one. Now that’s a very broad statute. It’s very very broad.

So it really can be almost anything that’s out there on the road, but this is a civil offense that is defined elsewhere in the chapter, in Title 28.

So if you want to know exactly what that means, let’s say, you’re failing to obey a traffic control device, you can look up the specifics of that, but I just paraphrased it for you. Number two, another way that you can be in violation of this or one of the other activities that are prohibited is an unsafe lane change. Pretty self-explanatory. If an officer sees you weaving in and out of traffic if you’re not using your blinker and you’re speeding and all of those things, that can be one element of aggressive driving.

The other way is if you’re overtaking and you’re passing somebody on the right. So you’re not supposed to do that. You’re not supposed to pass traffic on the right. And this specifically prohibits you from going off of the road to do that.

So if you go out of the lane, if you go into the median, if you go onto the side of the road, if you go up on the pavement, if you go up on the sidewalks, that’s prohibited behavior. Another reason, another way, another violation is following too closely.

So if an officer sees you following too closely, that’s another civil violation. You can be cited civilly for that, but that is one of the different elements. The other one is a failure to yield. So we see this a lot in roundabouts or if somebody is making a quick turn, they’re not looking at the oncoming traffic, so they’re speeding, they make a quick turn, that can be another one of those prohibited activities.

So if you have any one of those, that’s not enough, you need two of them. So you need to be speeding, you need to commit two of these different violations, and you need to be an immediate hazard to others on the road. Those are the elements of aggressive driving.

As I mentioned earlier, it’s a Class 1 misdemeanor, and it has eight points. The Motor Vehicle Department or the judge can also suspend your license for up to 30 days. It’s not required but if the MVD gets notice of this and the judge checks the right box or orders your license to be suspended, it will be.

If you get a second violation of aggressive driving within 24 months, your license is gonna be revoked. They’re gonna just pull it from you for one year. The MVD is not even gonna think twice about it. They’ll just revoke it.

The other penalty here with the MVD when you get up to eight points or if you get a conviction for aggressive driving is you have to take traffic survival school. So this is a penalty. It doesn’t dismiss points. Some people will think that if you take a traffic school, it’s gonna dismiss something or any of that stuff.

It doesn’t do that. It’s a penalty. So you’re gonna have multiple line items on your record, you’ll have the aggressive driving conviction, then you’ll have TSS assignment which is traffic survival school.

It’s an eight-hour course. You have to go and do it in person, then you’ll see it’s completed. And you’ll have all these different line items. Your insurance company is not gonna be happy about that at all. You’ll also have a criminal conviction, and so that’s not something that you want.

The way we defend these, of course, is to break up these elements. The government has to prove each one of these elements beyond a reasonable doubt.

So if they can’t prove either any of these things happened, or only one of them happened, or if they can prove that these two things happened, but they really didn’t get a good measurement on your speed, they’re not meeting their job, they’re not meeting their burden of production, they’re not meeting the evidence. And so there are a number of different ways that we can challenge aggressive driving.

We do it very regularly where the government simply cannot meet their burden because all of these are sort of civil violations. Officers are used to writing civil speeding tickets or a civil failure to obey a traffic control device or a civil unsafe lane changes, or a civil following too closely, but when this is all a criminal charge, each one of those elements gets elevated, and now you have to be proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt as to every part of this offense, otherwise it won’t stick.

So if they can’t justify the speed, if an officer was eyeballing the speed, or if they can’t get records admitted into court to show that the officer’s equipment was properly calibrated and the officer knows how to do it and he’s certified to use that device, those are all major problems with aggressive driving.

But this is the conduct so sometimes people will come to us and they’ll say, “I don’t understand what aggressive driving is. “I have this here, it says it’s criminal but why?” The officer is saying that you were speeding or criminally speeding, and you committed two of these other violations. And because they’re all kind of stacked in together, they lump it in, they call it aggressive driving.

I know a lot of people who drive like this all the time but haven’t been charged with it, so if they’re watching this video, a little word of caution to you out there. I probably have been guilty of it myself, I’ll be honest.

But this is something that is a little bit surprising to people. How can I be charged with a crime for driving quickly? If you have a nice car, you like to go fast, you commit two kind of minor civil violations, boom, now you’re charged with an aggressive driving violation. Class 1 misdemeanor, eight points, we defend against these all over Arizona.

It’s not one of the most common offenses that’s criminal traffic, a lot of the times these are reckless driving charges or just the simple criminal speeding charges, but every now and then you’ll see an officer who really really wants to escalate the charges, and they’ll make it aggressive driving.

So if you have any questions about what happened in your case specifically, these are very fact intensive cases, we want to break down each different element and see exactly what happened, what’s in the police report, what they have on dashcam or bodycam, we want to see exactly what happened from your perspective as well, give our office a call, we’ll piece it all together, we’ll make sure we have a good defense that’s built out for you. And we offer free case evaluations.

We’re happy to sit down with you. So give us a call.

Thanks for watching, take care.

Este video describe en detalle al espectador qué componentes se toman en consideración cuando una persona ha sido acusada de conducción agresiva. La conducción agresiva para un infractor por primera vez se clasificará como un delito menor de clase uno y conllevará un total de ocho puntos en la condena que se evaluará a la licencia de conducir de un individuo.

Cargos de conducción agresivos

Cuando una persona es acusada de conducción agresiva, la infracción no solo constituye una infracción por exceso de velocidad o no controlar la velocidad para evitar una colisión, sino que también declara que la persona acusada infringe al menos dos infracciones de tráfico adicionales especificadas en A.R.S. 28-695 (A). Las siguientes infracciones de tráfico civil se describen en el Estatuto de conducción agresiva: Primero, no obedecer un dispositivo de control de tráfico, esto significa que cualquier persona que conduzca un vehículo no obedezca las señales de tráfico. Por ejemplo, si mientras conduce un vehículo, una persona no obedece algún dispositivo o señal en el área donde hay semáforos, señales de construcción o cualquier otra señal que se utilice para dirigir el tráfico. En segundo lugar, cuando un conductor está conduciendo un vehículo y está cambiando de carril de manera insegura, prestando poca o ninguna atención a las personas o propiedades que lo rodean. Esto puede ser motivo para que un oficial entregue una citación a la persona que opera el vehículo. En tercer lugar, adelantar o rebasar al tráfico por la derecha puede ser motivo para que un oficial cite al conductor por conducir agresivamente. En cuarto lugar, “seguir de cerca” o seguir a otro vehículo demasiado de cerca también es una infracción que puede aumentar la gravedad de una citación. Cuando un oficial considera que un conductor está siguiendo demasiado de cerca a un vehículo, esto puede ser motivo suficiente para que una persona sea multada con una infracción de tráfico. En quinto lugar, no ceder el derecho de salida es el último comportamiento de conducción que se considera al determinar si una persona será acusada de conducción agresiva.

Un componente independiente de la conducción agresiva es que el comportamiento del conductor crea un peligro inmediato para otras personas o conductores en la carretera.

En resumen, para ser acusado de conducción agresiva, una persona debe ir por exceso de velocidad y cometer al menos dos de las infracciones de conducción especificadas con el requisito adicional de que la conducta crea un peligro inmediato para otras personas.

En conclusión, este vídeo ha explicado a la audiencia las consecuencias de ser acusado de conducción agresiva. Como se mencionó anteriormente, este delito se clasificará como un delito menor de clase uno para un delito por primera vez y, en caso de condena, se agregarán ocho puntos a la licencia de conducir de una persona. También es posible que un juez suspenda la licencia de conducir de la persona por hasta 30 días. En una segunda condena que ocurra dentro de 2 años, el juez revocará la licencia de conducir de una persona por un año. Una consecuencia para cualquier persona condenada por conducir agresivamente es que debe tomar la escuela de supervivencia vial.

Todos los aspectos de las infracciones de tránsito deben probarse más allá de toda duda razonable. Como se explica en el video, este es el mismo tipo de pena que enfrentaría un acusado si fuera declarado culpable de un DUI. Si un oficial no puede demostrar exceso de velocidad o cualquiera de las infracciones de tránsito civiles más allá de una duda razonable, entonces el gobierno no puede hacer que el cargo criminal se mantenga si se impugna en la corte.

Si el oficial que realiza la investigación emite a una persona una citación por conducir agresiva, la persona debe comenzar a investigar las posibles consecuencias, así como conocer sus vías de defensa y sus derechos. Al contratar a un abogado con experiencia, una persona puede sentirse cómoda al saber que su cargo se tratará de la mejor manera posible para obtener un resultado satisfactorio.

Consulta gratuita con un abogado de manejo agresivo

Póngase en contacto con R&R Law Group hoy para discutir y podemos revisar sus agresivos cargos por conducir y desarrollar la estrategia adecuada para usted.